Lagos, one of the newcomers to the Smart City programs, has a population of 21 million people with a GDP of $145 billion in 2016. As one of the largest economies within Nigeria, Lagos is accountable for about 30% of Nigeria’s total GDP and more than 50% coming from non-oil related industries. It is also the main hub for financial distribution with over 80% of foreign trade flows in the nation and 50% of port revenues. Lagos has 29 industrial estates with 4 central business districts, the biggest market in Sub-Saharan Africa, the highest density in vehicles, and it accounts for 70% of the country’s industrial investment and 65% of its commercial activities.
Since 2016, Lagos has moved toward becoming a smart city; implementation of a new broadband infrastructure will play a key part as it will allow the city to accurately collect data from citizens directly through personal devices and various resources in real-time. This will accelerate the process of short- to long-term data analysis, decision making, modelling, and planning. The urban rapid rail transit system sponsored by the Lagos State Government is also one of the current projects in the city with the prospect of decreasing carbon emissions from personal vehicles and raising transportation efficiency.